We created Smart Blocks, an augmented mathematical manipulative that allows users to explore the concepts of volume and surface area of 3-dimensional objects. This interface supports physical manipulation for exploring spatial relationships and it provides continuous feedback for reinforcing learning. By leveraging the benefits of physicality with the advantages of digital information, this tangible interface provides an engaging environment for learning about surface area and volume of 3D objects.


Leanne M Hirshfield

Erin Treacy

Stacey Ecott

Orit Shaer

Robert JK Jacob



Smart Blocks: A Tangible Mathematical Manipulative

Audrey Girouard, Leanne M Hirshfield, Erin Treacy, Stacey Ecott, Orit Shaer, Robert JK Jacob

TEI: ACM Conference on Tangible, Embedded and Embodied Interactions, 2007